2018年6月大学英语四级仔细阅读解析,2018年6月英语四级第一套卷真题及答案

  Passage Two

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级仔细阅读解析:

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。

  Section C

  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one
of three state-of-the art (最先进的) ocean ships back in the day。 The
Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in
Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company。 The Olympic class
included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic。 What you may not
know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class。 All in
all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they
seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is
followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them
there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should
decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer
sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in
1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914。 The ships had nine decks, and
White Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious
ships on the water。

  Passage One

  Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ship were wonders of
naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be
so for quite some time。 However, all suffered terrible accidents on
the open seas。 The Olympic got wrecked before the Titanic did, but it
was the only one survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years。
The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg
in 1912。 Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in
1916 and subsequently sank as well。

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept
running by exhausted crews below deck。 Most recognizable of the ship
designs are the ship‘s smoke stacks, but the fourth stack was actually
just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 While two of
these ship sank, they were all designed with double hulls (船体)
believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to
the Titanic’s and the Britannic‘s tragic end。

  46。 Living in an urban area with
green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people’s mental
well-being, a study has suggested, UK researchers found moving to a
green space had a sustained positive effect, unlike pay rises or
promotions, which only provided a short –term boost。 Co-author Mathew
White, from the University of Exeter, UK, explained that the study
showed people living in greener urban areas were displaying fewer signs
of depression or anxiety。 “There could be a number of reasons。” he
said, “for example, 47。 people do many
things to make themselves happier; they strive for promotion or pay
rises, or they get married。 But the trouble with those things
is that within six months to a year, people are back to their original
baseline levels of well-being。 So, these things are not sustainable;
they don’t make us happy in the long term。 We found that for some
lottery  winners who had won more than £500,000 the positive effect was
definitely there, but after six months to a year, they were back to
the baseline。”

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to
serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World WarⅠ。
Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935, ending the era of
the luxurious Olympic class ocean liners。

  48。 Dr。 White said his team wanted
to see whether living in greener urban areas has a lasting positive
effect on people’s sense of well-being or whether the effect also
disappeared after a period of time。 To do this, the team used
data from the British Household Panel Survey compiled by University of
Essex。

  51。 What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships?

  Explaining what the data revealed, he said: “what you see is that
even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike
many other things that we think will make us happy。” 49。 He observed that people living in green
spaces were less stressed, and less sensible decisions and communicated
better。

  A) They performed marvelously on the sea。

  With a growing body of evidence establishing a link between urban
green spaces and a positive impact on human well-being。 Dr。 White
said, “There’s growing interest among public policy officials, but the
trouble is who funds it。 50。 what we
really need at a policy level is to decide where the money will come
from to help support good quality local green spaces。”

  B) They could all break the ice in their way。

  46。 According to one study, what do green spaces do to people?

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  A) Improve their work efficiency。

  D) They were models of modern engineering。

  B) Add to their sustained happiness。

  52。 What did White Star line have in mind when it purchased the
three ships?

  C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life。

  A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters。

  D) Lesson their concerns about material well-being。

  B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  47。 What does Dr。 White say people usually do to make themselves
happier?

  C)Their ability to survive disasters of any kind。

  A) Earn more money。 C) Gain fame and popularity。

  D)The long voyages they were able to undertake。

  B) Settle in an urban area。 D) Live in a green environment。

  53。 What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?

  48。 What does Dr。 White try to find out about living in a greener
urban area?

  A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  A) How it affects different people。 C) How long its positive
effect lasts。

  B) It was the work of a famous artist。

  B) How strong its positive effect is。 D) How it benefits people
physically。

  C) It was designed to let out extra smoke。

  49。 What did Dr。 White research reveal about people living in a
green environment?

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar。

  A) Their stress was more apparent than real。

  54。 What might have led to the tragic end of the Titanic and the
Britannic?

  B) Their decisions required less deliberation。

  A) Their unscientific designs。

  C) Their memories were greatly strengthened。

  B) Their captains’ misjudgment。

  D) Their communication with others improved。

  C) The assumption that they were built with the latest technology。

  50。 According to Dr。 White, what should the government do to
build more green spaces in cities?

  D) The belied that they could never sink with a double-layer body。

  A) Find financial support。

  55。 What happened to the ship Olympic in the end?

  B) Improve urban planning。

  A) She was used to carry troops。

  C) Involve local residents in the effort。

  B) She was sunk in World War I。

  D) Raise public awareness of the issue。

  C) She was converted into a hospital ship。

  答案:

  D) She was retired after her naval service。

  46。 B 47。 A 48。 C 49。 D 50。 A

  51。 C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  Passage Two

  解析:题干关键词the three Olympic class
ships。根据顺序原则回原文定位到第一段最后一句话 “All in all, the
Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they seemed
cursed to suffer disastrous
fates。”重点在but转折后,文意这三艘船似乎都被诅咒遭遇遭遇灾难性的命运。故答案选择C.terrible
misfortunes是 disastrous fates的同义转换。

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。

  52。 B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one
of three state-of-the art (最先进的) ocean ships back in the day。 The
Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in
Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company。 The Olympic class
included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic。 What you may not
know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class。 All in
all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, 51.but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous
fates。

  解析:题干大意白星航运公司在购买三艘船时考虑到了什么?定位句:“White
Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious ships on
the water。”想要他们成为水上最奢华的船。据此答案选择B。

  The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in
1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914。 The ships had nine decks,
and 52.White Star Line decided to focus on
marking them the most luxurious ships on the water。

  53。 A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ship were wonders of
naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be
so for quite some time。 However, all suffered terrible accidents on
the open seas。 The Olympic got wrecked before the Titanic did, but it
was the only one survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years。
The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg
in 1912。 Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in
1916 and subsequently sank as well。

  解析:根据关键词 the fourth stack of the ships。定位到“but the
fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no
functional purpose。
”文意第四个栈有艺术感但是没有任何功能性的用途。故答案选择A。

  Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept
running by exhausted crews below deck。 Most recognizable of the ship
designs are the ship‘s smoke stacks, 53.but the fourth stack was actually just
artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 While two of these
ship sank, 54。 they were all designed with double hulls (船体)
believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that
led to the Titanic‘s and the Britannic’s tragic end。

  54。 A) Their unscientific designs。

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to
serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World WarⅠ。 55。 Eventually, she was taken out of service
in 1935, ending the era of the luxurious Olympic class ocean
liners。

  解析:题干大意是什么可能导致了Titanic和Britannic的悲剧。定位到原文
“they were all designed with double hulls (船体) believed to make them
“unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic‘s and the
Britannic’s tragic end。”
故选择A,正是这种不科学的设计导致其覆亡。原文double
hulls指双船体,选项D中为double layer
body为双层船体,二者不是同一概念,故排除选项D。

  51。 What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships?

  55。 D) She was retired after her naval service。

  A) They performed marvelously on the sea。

  解析:问题奥林匹克船最后发生了什么。定位句“Eventually, she was
taken out of service in 1935。”taken out of service和retired
同义词转换,故选择D。

  B) They could all break the ice in their way。

  Part IV Translation (30 minutes)

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate
a passage from Chinese into English。 You should write your answer on
Answer sheet 2。

  D) They were models of modern engineering。

  公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

  52。 What did White Star line have in mind when it purchased the
three ships?

  [译文]Buses used to be the main means of transportation for
Chinese people。 In recent years, due to the increasing number of
private cars, traffic problems in cities have become increasingly
severe。 In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many
cities have been trying to improve the quality of bus service。 The
facilities of buses are constantly being updated, and the speed has
also been increased significantly, while bus fares are still quite
low。 Nowadays, in most cities, many local elderly citizens can take
buses for free。

  A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters。

  [解析]

  B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  ① 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。

  C) Their ability to survive disasters of any kind。

  第一句句式为简单的主系表,“曾是”用used to
be表示。词汇方面注意主语“公交车”为可数名词需要用复数形式buses,“交通工具”用vehicle/means
of transportation/transportation tool均可。

  D) The long voyages they were able to undertake。

  Buses used to be the main means of transportation for Chinese
people。

  53。 What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?

  ② 近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。

  A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  第二句句式也为主系表,使用“become”比be动词更能体现出变化。词汇方面“私家车”用private
cars即可,“越来越”可用副词increasingly表示。

  B) It was the work of a famous artist。

  In recent years, due to the increasing number of private cars,
traffic problems in cities have become increasingly severe。

  C) It was designed to let out extra smoke。

  ③
许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar。

  第三句中两个动词,第一个动词前有“为了”自然使用动词不定式表示目的,可用短语“in
order
to”引导放在句首,第二个动词为主句谓语动词,主谓宾结构,注意“一直”需要翻译成现在完成进行时。

  54。 What might have led to the tragic end of the Titanic and the
Britannic?

  In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities
have been trying to improve the quality of bus service。

  A) Their unscientific designs。

  ④ 车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。

  B) Their captains’ misjudgment。

  ⑤ 然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。

  C) The assumption that they were built with the latest technology。

  第四句主语为“设施”,动词为“更新“,设施不能自己“更新”,所以需要使用被动句,后半个分句同理,做并列句处理即可,注意“不断”需要翻译成进行时,“有了”处理成现在完成时。词汇方面副词“显著”如果不会,译成“greatly”也无妨。第五句“然而”转折对比,可直接用连词while跟前句连接合成一句形成长句,票价“是”低廉的,用主系表结构表示。

  D) The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body。

  The facilities of buses are constantly being updated, and the speed
has also been increased significantly, while bus fares are still quite
low。

  55。 What happened to the ship Olympic in the end?

  ⑥ 现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

  A) She was used to carry troops。

  第六句为主谓宾结构,“老年市民”用senior citizens/elderly
citizens均可,注意尽量不要使用old people。

  B) She was sunk in World War I。

  Nowadays, in most cities, many local elderly citizens can take
buses for free。

  C) She was converted in to a hospital ship。

  来源:新东方

  D) She was retired after her naval service。

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  答案:

  51。 C 52。 B 53。 A 54。 D 55。 D

  来源:新东方

  作者:兰州学校 新东方李逸飞老师

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