二零一八年五月越南语四级第风流潇洒套卷真题及答案,二〇一八年一月俄文四级选词填空详细分析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级选词填空详细解析:

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  今年四级考试在阅读这个板块里,总体难度仍然呈较为平稳的发展态势。首先第一步分析选项词性。今年名词考7个,动词考5个,形容词考2个,副词1个。如此一来,我们很快把15选1缩小到了最多是7选1,最少的情况是1选1。另外,请注意,名词通过单复数,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还可以进一步缩小范围。

  Section A

  Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for
smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the
American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the
United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty
Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find
the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the
state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes
top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts
and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。
You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of
choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage
through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank
is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for
each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You
may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of
technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing
systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what
Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few
months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield
minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be
able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including
offices。

  Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for
smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the
American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the
United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty
Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find
the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the
state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes
top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts
and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。
Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs
on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the
city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work”
days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of
technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing
systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what
Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few
months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield
minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be
able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including
offices。

  A) assisted I) inhabitants

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。
Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs
on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the
city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work”
days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  B) collaborating J) innovation

  [评述]

  C) consequence K) intended

  选词填空的解题技巧第一步将选项根据词性分类,这道题中考查名词7个,动词5个,形容词2个,副词1个。因此将单词分类之后,我们很快把15选1缩小到了最多是7选1,最少的情况是1选1。另外,名词通过简单判断单复数形式,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还可以进一步缩小范围。同样,仔细阅读解题的关键仍然与我们强调的一致,找准定位,选项与原文内容一一比对,排除各类干扰选项后,做对题目并不是很难。

  D) consumers L) outdoor

  [答案]

  E) creating M) pollutants

  26。 M pollutants

  F) detail N) restricted

  27。 N restricted

  G) domestic O) sum

  28。 C consequence

  H) frequently

  29。 J innovation

  26。 M)pollutants

  30。 F detail

  [语法分析]根据空格前的the level
of可知,of为介词,后面应该加名词,构成介词短语,同时与for构成原因状语。

  31。 K intended

  [语义分析]根据开篇句中的“smog”雾霾可知,本文与环境有关。“pollutants”污染物,符合题意,“the
level of pollutants”污染物等级,故选M。

  32。 L outdoor

  27.N)restricted

  33。 B collaborating

  [语法分析]Nor放在句首倒装,正常语序应为The state’s bad air is not
to its south。 因此需考虑存在be to
结构的单词。符合的有intended和restricted。

  34。 I inhabitants

  [语义分析]be intended to打算、旨在,be restricted
to局限于。根据语义可知,该州的空气污染并非局限于其南部地区,故选N。

  35。 E creating

  28。 C)consequence

  [解析]

  [语法分析]根据空前的a 可知,冠词后应加单数可数名词,同时又能与as
a构成搭配。符合的有consequence。

  26。 答案M

  [语义分析]as a consequence“结果”,相当于as a
result,固定搭配。致使居民的心脏和肺部受到感染,语义通顺,故选C。

  解析:介词of后填名词,根据上下文语义,该空后为pollutants,污染物。

  29。 J)innovation

mgm美高梅,  27。 答案N

  [语法分析]根据空前的technological “科技的”可知,形容词后应加名词。

  解析:固定搭配be restricted to,表示“仅限于…,限制在…”。

  [语义分析]文中提到加利福尼亚有技术
之乡的美誉,符合语义的只有innovation创新,科技创新,故选J。

  28。 答案C

  30。 F)detail

  解析:空前不定冠词,空格填名词,固定搭配as a
consequence,表示“因此”。

  [语法分析]根据空格前的in可知,介词后应加名词。

  29。 答案J

  [语义分析]detail细节,in
detail固定搭配,详细地。本句译为:使得这个地方十分适用于研发及检测污染全面监测系统,故选F

  解析:空前形容词,空格填名词,结合语义,为innovation,创新。

  31。 K)intended

  30。 答案F

  [语法分析]be to,与前文一样,此处需要填入能与之搭配的单词。

  解析:空前介词,空格填名词,固定搭配in detail,表示“详细地”。

  [语义分析]此处只有intended符合,be intended
to,打算、旨在。旨在生成实时地图……,故选K。

  31。 答案K

  32。 L)outdoor

  解析:固定搭配be intended to,表示“打算,意图”。

  [语法分析]根据空格前的of 可知,其后应加名词。air
pollution名词词组,因此此处应为形容词,起修饰作用。符合的有domestic、outdoor。

  32。 答案L

  [语义分析]下文讲到,这种监控站也会关注着建筑物内部的污染情况,
所以根据inside
“在……里面”可知,此空应填outdoor,“户外的、室外的”,室外空气污染,故选L。

  解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填形容词,结合语义选择outdoor,表示户外的。

  33。 B)collaborating

  33。 答案B

  [语法分析]根据空前的have
been可知,此空应填入分词。Aclima前文提到是一家公司,应表示主动,所以此处应填现在分词。符合的有collaborating和creating。

  解析:结合时态和固定搭配collaborate with,表示“合作”。

  [语义分析]collaborate with与……合作,creat创造,故选B。

  34。 答案I

  34。 I)inhabitants

  解析:空前所有格,空格填名词,结合语义,I选项inhabitants居民为正确选项。

  [语法分析]由空前的city’s
可知,此处应填名词。符合的有consumers和inhabitants。

  35。 答案E

  [语义分析]inhabitants居民,consumers消费者。城市居民只好使用汽车,inhabitants符合语境,故选I。

  解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填动词ing,结合语义,E选项正确。

  35。 E)creating

  Section B

  [语法分析]根据空前的by可知,介词后应加名词或动名词。符合的只有creating。

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with
ten statements attached to it。 Each statement contains information
given in one of the paragraphs。 Identify the paragraph from which the
information is derived。 You may choose a paragraph more than once。
Each paragraph is marked with a letter。 Answer the question by marking
the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2。

  [语义分析]creating pollution lows 降低污染

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