浅析英语初学者听力能力的提高mgm美高梅:,2018年6月英语四级写作范文

  To sum up, on the basis of the cause mentioned above, the
significance of speaking can never be overemphasized。 Thus, my sincere
hope is that all the college students could continue to improve their
abilities in every respect。 Only in this way can we get more
achievements and reach our ultimate goals。

After analyzing the factors from personal side and school side, some
suggestions may be given on the ways to improve the listening ability of
English beginners.

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯,以下为英语四级写作范文:

Personal factors always involve students and teachers. This paper mainly
analyses the factors of students’ and teachers ’attitude, students’
learning motivation and English beginners’ limited knowledge.

  As an undergraduate, my proposals related to the means to promote
the reading ability are based on the following aspects。 To begin with,
reading ability, a basic grounding of English learning ability, would
be well improved by unceasingly reading various articles, such as
fictions, magazines and newspapers。 Additionally, as we all know,
writing reading notes is a wise method, which would contribute to
cultivating a positive reading habit。 Along with the analyses of
different kinds of articles, not only can we accumulate a great deal of
knowledge, but also we are able to enhance our reading ability。 Last
but not least, we ought to make good use of the electronic products,
such as iPad and Kindle, which will either improve our study efficiency
or arouse our interest in reading。

Without knowledge of grammar, we can not learn a language well. Good
knowledge of grammar can help students have better listening
comprehension. But some students think that grammar is not important and
they can learn English well as long as they remember more words, listen
more, speak more and read more. This view that they ignore the grammar
causes their difficult listening comprehension. In this paper, we think
grammar is to the listening comprehension what water is to the fish.
However, how to improve the students` knowledge of grammar? First, the
teacher should make students realize the importance of grammar
knowledge; guide the students to review it systematically after class.
Second, in listening training, when students meet grammar obstacles and
are unable to understand the sentences, the teacher should analyze them
patiently and induct the grammatical phenomenon in order to let the
students grasp the grammar knowledge and understand what the sentence
means.

  In modern society, it has been a phenomenon that there are more and
more opportunities to use English, not only in different exams but also
in our daily life。 Among the abilities of using English, speaking
ability must be a practical one that every educated person should
possess。 And the fluency in English expression must be a result of a
set of really tough work。

Someone says: “Attitude is everything”. Although this statement
exaggerates the function of attitude, to a certain extent, there is
something in it. The effects of attitude on language learning are mainly
reflected in the following aspects: (1) the relation between attitude
and foreign language learning: the learners who are positive to learn a
foreign language may learn it more easily and make progress more quickly
.Conversely, the learners who hold negative attitude towards the study
of foreign language may improve their learning slowly. (2) The relation
between attitude and enthusiasm: attitude directly affects enthusiasm.
Those learners who stop learning after studying for a short period and
can’t last to the ending time are largely passive and negative learners,
the low enthusiasm will result in poor learning. (3) The relation
between attitude and classroom behavior: attitude affects classroom
activities of participation (张锡伟,2010). Guildsman’s research shows
that the student’s good performance is proposition to their good
attitude. Namely a student who holds positive attitude acts more active
in class, and his grades are better (cited from Dardner,R.C, W.E.
Lambert,1972) . Tao Deqing thought that attitude contained a certain
behavioral tendencies by itself. It is a important psychological
phenomenon (陶德清, 2001). From his point of view, we can see the close
relationship between attitude and behavior. Tao Deqing believed attitude
affected social judgment, affordability and activities of the initiative
(陶德清, 2001).

  如何提高演讲能力

English basic knowledge mainly includes speech, vocabulary and grammar,
and they are all necessary in listening comprehension. Without knowing
about these, it is impossible to get something from listening. In the
following, the author of this paper gives some ways to improve the
students` basic English knowledge.

  In modern society, it has been a trend that diverse English
examinations put tremendous emphasis on the ability of reading。 When
facing the subject that, as undergraduates, how we could improve our
reading ability constantly, different people hold different opinions。

First of all, in terms of the films, it always tells a story .In it,
people’s psychological language can be reflected well and objectively.
The author in this paper thinks that this is the essence of film. Films
not only stimulate students` interest in learning English, but also
inspire students to think of and know about knowledge (王奕君, 2009). Of
course, for the English beginners, the choice of film has certain
requirements, because their English level is still at a low stage. The
too difficult will cause them to lose interest, but the too simple is
useless for listening ability improving. So they should choose their own
level of English movies. In addition, the students should apply some
skills while listening, such as preparing notebook for note taking,
understanding the plot summary, selecting fragment, recording vocabulary
from the film, knowing of characters in the context, paying attention to
cultural differences and so on. In this paper ,several movies or
websites are suggested to improve English beginners` listening ability
:1, “Disney Magic English , ” (teaching materials for English
beginners)2,” Disney English “, 3″ Tom and Jerry ” 4、website
英语听力_旺旺英语学习网 / efayin / flashflashyinbiao / and

  来源:新东方

If the speakers in the record read the listening material in a very fast
speed, then many candidates are not easy to remember all information and
feel difficult to take down what they have heard in the record,
especially when many answers to the questions are involved in a very
short period of time.

  All in all, on the basis of the causes mentioned above, the
significance of reading can never be overemphasized。 Consequently, my
sincere hope is that all the college students could continue to improve
our abilities in every respect。 Only in this way can we get more
achievements and reach our ultimate goals。

Now most children are only child, and their parents are very strict with
them. Generally speaking, after school they are not allowed to go out to
play with their friends. Instead, they are asked to stay at home and do
homework. In fact, many scholars believe that lacking of communication
may prevent students from improving their listening ability. But
actually, if the students can use the long time properly, the same,
their listening ability can be improved.

  作者:哈尔滨新东方学校董添宇老师

Most teachers are using the “three steps” in their English lesson. The
first step is to listen to the recoding, without using any back
information. The second step is to ask students to do multiple –choice.
The third step is to check the answers. The teaching strategy is very
single. But most students are active and curious; they can not stand the
boring single teaching strategy and demand more various teaching
methods. Their teaching strategy is hard to meet whose demands and easy
to bore them, but the lifelong learning view is based on the students
’interest of English. If the student’s interest can not be satisfied,
they will gradually lose the interest.

  如何提升阅读能力

We have already mentioned the unreasonable teaching arrangement in above
text. For the shortcomings, the teachers should scientifically ensure
time for listening. Once a survey was done, the researchers found that,
before the 21st minutes, the correct rate reached a peak, over 21
minutes, the correct rate will begin to decrease (刘巧媛, 2010).
Therefore, the time of listening training should be within 21 minutes,
more training time is not efficient, and less of it will not have the
training effect. Secondly, we must use effective listening training,
such as various training forms, positive air and classroom interaction.
Language learning is a process which needs repeated stimulus, practicing
to correct, strengthening and consolidating and finally applying
(秦本彬,2009). Before listening, the students should skim the material
in the exercise book. The specific steps are: from the first to the
third time, the students can read out the material while listening (if
it will disturb the students around you, keep silent) If the students
can’t follow the sentence smoothly, they can pause and listen it again.
Thirdly, listen repeatedly till the students can understand the text
while abandoning the material .In this way, the students can recognize
the words in the material when listening and won’t make mistakes in
future. Finally, when selecting the listening materials, different
contents should be chosen for students at different stages. The contents
should be entrenched and targeted to improve the listening ability.
Also, the easy and difficult degree of material should fit with the
students. The too easy will result in losing the meaning of training and
the too difficult will make the students lose their heart and confidence
.Besides, the length of the choosing material should be considered. The
too long will scatter the students` attention and the too short waster
of time. In addition, the content in the material should be new and
satisfy students` interest. In this paper, the author gives some
websites for English beginners to practice themselves in free time: 1,
在线英语听力室 2, . Douding Network.

  As an undergraduate, my proposal related to the means to promote
the speaking ability is based on the following aspects。 Speaking
ability, as far as I am concerned, acquires unceasing exercises of
both listening and speaking。 As a consequence, we ought to make good
use of the materials around us, such as the Internet, which will
either improve our study efficiency or arouse our interest in speaking。
The application, Ted, is a perfect example。 It provides us with a
great number of speeches delivered by diverse famous people from all
kind of fields。 Through constantly listening to these speeches and
reading loudly and clearly, our speaking ability must be improved
continuously。

3.6.3 Improving Grammar

  [写作题目解析]本次四级写作考查的仍然是问题解决型的议论文,和17年12月份的题目较为类似。这篇文章的思路同学们可以这样展开,在首段做好主题引出即可,而后在二段给出相应的提升阅读和写作能力的具体办法,最后一段总结全文,再次重申阅读和写作能力的重要性。关于提升阅读和写作能力的办法给出一些思路:学校可以多组织相关活动来促进学生进行日常的阅读和写作,个人可以多在日常学习中注重知识的积累,并多多参与学校组织的相关活动。

Ⅲ. Ways to Improve the Listening Ability of English Beginners

Anyhow, the best way to encourage students is to adopt positive methods,
rather than the negative means, in this way we can stimulate the
students’ learning motivation.

本人郑重声明:本论文是本人独立进行研究工作所取得的成果,成果不存在知识产权争议,除文中已经注明引用的内容外,本论文不含任何其他个人或集体已经发表或撰写过的作品成果。对本文的研究做出重要贡献的个人和集体均已在文中以明确方式标明。本人完全意识到本声明的法律结果由本人承担。

When listening to the record material, the students must be targeted to
concentrate on capturing the information needed to answer the questions
and do not try to make clear every word or every phrase. Generally
speaking, the candidates should get the information about “what, who,
where, what attitude”.

[4].张艳丰. Research of Metacognitive Strategy to Listening
Comprehension of Outside China[J].教学理论与实践.2008.

2.2 School Factor

Personal learning motivation is a fundamental motive for people to make
efforts to realize the learning purpose. In the learning process you may
have felt you do not want to learn anything any more since you don’t
have a very clear motivation. Fundamentally, this is because your
learning motivation is not strong or you have little learning
motivation. This situation can directly affect your progress in learning
and bring your later study a lot of pressure.

2.1.2.2Being Easily Distracted

2.2.2The Unreasonable Lasting Time of Listening Training

In the arrangement of listening training course, the teachers are weak
in scientific and systematic arrangement for training objectives of the
students in different semesters and different stages. Too difficult or
too easy scheduling, too concentrated or too decentralized arrangement
will affect the student’s attention and enthusiasm. If the arrangement
is not satisfactory, irregularities, then, the confidence, the attention
and the interest of the students will be affected, and thus, it will
raise a negative impact, lowering the standard of teaching listening.

[9].刘学云.英语初学者常见书面错误分析.山东外语教学[J]1982(01):19

Bibliography

2.2.1 Unreasonable Arrangement of Listening

[3]. Gardner, R.C,W.E. Lambert. Attitudes and Motivation in Second
Language Learning [M], Rowley, MA, Newbury House,1972.

[12].秦本彬.幼儿英语兴趣教学法初探[C].思想战线,2009:160-162.

[8].林新事.英语初学者良好学习习惯养成新论[J].遵义师范学院学报2002(01).

1.5 The SingleTeaching Strategy.

With economic globalization, English, as the communicational tool of the
world’s common language, is more important than before. In China, the
growing trend of learning English makes students learn English much
earlier. In 2001, the Ministry of Education issued the “English
standard”. According to it, for the English beginners, listening ability
is one of the five essential abilities (listening, speaking reading,
writing and translating) and an important part of English practical
ability and also a standard to measure the quality of English teaching.

3.7.4 Taking Note in Abbreviation Form

徐袖珍.优化过程、激化兴趣、结合课文、发展思维——论小学英语听力教学的教学技能
[J].湖南省政法管理学院学报2002(2):55-58

2.1.1 Teachers’ and Students’ Ignoring Attitude

Speech is the foundation of the language learning and people always
identify words and sentences through phonetics. The poor phonetic
knowledge is one of the main reasons which result in poor listening
ability. The author in this paper believes that there are some ways to
improve the students` phonetic knowledge. First of all, in the first
listening class, students should be required to review the international
phonetic alphabets, master how to pronounce each phoneme and its
pronunciation methods, know the phonetic features of vowels and
consonants and distinguish them, repeatedly listen and read the
international phonetic alphabets until you can pronounce them correctly.
Second, students should master rules of pronunciation such as sound
rules, continuity, loss of blasting, provincial sound, assimilation and
stress .Also teachers and students should analyze and induct students`
phonetic problems. Third, teachers should ask the students to imitate
intonation and understand the speaker’s attitude, feeling, emotion, or
implication. Through listening practice and imitation, students can
understand the implications of the words and sentences more easily and
quickly.

Students are the most receptive at their young age, and one’s
development of young stage will influence the development of his whole
life. Thus, the listening ability of English beginners proves
particularly important. Till now, a lot of scholars have studied how to
improve the English ability of the English beginners. Lin Xinshi said
that cultivation of good learning habits is of much essence to English
beginners(林新事,2004). He tried to propose some novel ideas and
thoughts about cultivating good learning habits of English language
novices. He stated that the cultivation of good learning habits goes
through three stages: 1) The stage of good habits selecting, 2) the
stage of consolidation and reinforcement, 3) the stage of good habit
using and transferring. A thesis said:“If I were an English beginner, I
would read more stories and listen more tapes. If I were an English
beginner of middle school , I would read and recite beautiful texts
accurately and fluently. I should read more English after class, and
retell the stories to my classmates in simple English. And also, I will
learn some basic grammar knowledge to strengthen my self-consciousness
to study.”(中学课程辅导初一版,2004).Liu Xueyun analyzed the common
writing errors of English Beginners (刘学云,1982).

Brown and Levinson proposed politeness strategy; they think that
courtesy is people’s need to meet face needs. So their politeness theory
is often called “Face-saving Theory” (referred to as FST) (cited
from黄颖,2006). The so-called positive face, for people, refers to
wanting recognition and praise from others(黄颖,2006). English beginners
are generally not mature enough in terms of age. Although they have the
ability to tell things around, they also need teacher’s evaluation and
guidance and inspiring. Therefore, in the process of listening teaching,
teachers should encourage those students whose listening abilities have
improved. For example, when a student does well in a listening exercise,
the teacher may say: “How wonderful! How did you do that? “or “very
good”. Adding a tag questions after an exclamatory expression shows the
teacher’s surprise and happiness. The later sentence shows the teachers
positive attitude towards the student’s listening ability. Thus the
student’s face in front of the class is raised. This positive politeness
strategy approach encourages the listening ability of students timely
and enables them to establish self-esteem in front of other students so
that their interest, self-confidence and determination will be increased
.these can benefit the students` listening ability.

Being naughty is the nature of children. Pupils sometimes do not like
learning because the school time reduces their time of playing. On the
other hand, the pupils always don’t make their strong resolutions and
the textbooks used in elementary school don’t satisfy the students`
interests because they attach much to their scientific and logical
characteristics. In addition, the teaching method is basically priority
to classroom teaching and the teaching method is single. So the students
hate learning and don’t like to read and have a class, being unable to
complete their assignments. They always look for excuses where they do
not need to learn. In addition, they often use other activities which
are far away from learning to occupy their learning time.

To learn English from comics is a good learning method. In comics short
sentences and vivid pictures are often used, which make children feel
easy. Even if it is slightly difficult, the use of picture makes English
more understandable. At the same time, the pictures and the dialogues
have carried on the language scene and the cultural habits, which
strengthened the memory of what you have got from the cartoon. In
addition, the long time comics reading are not only good for language
learners to learn English, but also benefits the cultivation of
optimistic humor study of character. For English beginners, how to learn
English by watching cartoons? Generally speaking, there are 4 steps:
1.Select the cartoons: select those which you are interested in to
cultivate your learning enthusiasm and continuity. 2. Learn language
points. From the humorous dialogues in the comics, you can cull
important words and sentences to do extensive practice. For instance,
you may try to find out synonyms or antonyms of a word, or you can
undertake English-Chinese and Chinese-English translation practice and
see their difference. 3. Induct similar scenes and understand the
cultural background. You can make summary and think about the culture
hidden behind the comics on the basis of the first two steps to deepen
the English study.4. Reproduce and inspect: Tell the very interesting or
very meaningful cartoons – which you have watched, to others in English.
If you can do this very well, it will prove that you have truly mastered
the language knowledge, and also English in your eyes will naturally
become vivid and lovely.

2.1 Personal Factors

The teachers in many schools over emphasize on text teaching, writing
exercise, but put the training of students` listening ability at a
subordinate status .So the time of listening training is not sufficient.

2.1.3 English Beginners` Limited Knowledge

3.6Improving Students’ Basic English Knowledge

Sound recognition involves the identification of voice, intonation,
sound quality and so on. As is known to all, there are only 26
alphabets, but the number of their pronunciations is nearly twice as
much as them. For most students, when they meet these letters in words
or phrases, they can not identify which pronunciation they should
articulate. What’s more, the same letter may correspond to different
pronunciations. And also, different letters can correspond to the same
pronunciation. In addition to the above, in different context,
speakers` voice and intonation are different, so the students can not
learn the phonetic characteristics and rules well.

3.6.2 Improving Vocabulary

Factors influencing the listening ability of English beginners mainly
include personal factors and school factors. It is necessary to analyze
them if the listening ability of English beginners must be improved.

Some students are casual when they learn something. They do not know
what knowledge they should get and what knowledge does not suit them.
They always learn something without choosing because they are lack of
initiative and do not know what they should need. They always follow
others` view and do not have very clear goals.

[16].项奕.小学启蒙英语教学SWOT分析及对策探讨——以上海市小学英语教学为
[A].教育战线,2010:139

[13].齐筠.语言文化及英语听力教学[J].外语学刊,1998(1):63-65.

It is obvious that listening to English songs can improve English
listening ability. English songs, especially for children, are rich in
content, simple language and fast-paced rhyme which can satisfy the
children’s interest and decrease their tension, but also resolve their
loneliness. More importantly, they will acquire the pronunciation of the
lyrics (宋芳、桑元微、孙力华.幼儿2007). For example, during listening to
the song “Days of week”, the English beginners will be able to recognize
the seven words: “Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday
and Sunday”. Later, when they hear these words, they can tell which word
it is. In this paper, the author gives several songs for reference.1.
This is the Way 2.Five Little Ducks 3.Are You Sleeping; 4. Rain Rain, Go
Away and so on.

3.5.2Seeing English Movies

1.1 Being Lack of Interest in Listening

In our present English enlightenment education, including the teachers
and the students, most of them ignore listening teaching and learning
.During the listening teaching of English beginners, most teachers are
just limited to ask students to listen to the videos or tapes in
classroom, and even never give them homework of training their listening
ability. Students at that age, because of their limited cognitive
ability and self-control, also can not realize the needs to improve
their listening ability, or even raise a sense of exclusion. In the
process of teaching. The main characters are teachers and students. If
both locate the listening ability to an unseasonable place, the
listening ability will present a poor state.

3.3Arraning Teaching of Listening Rationality

Games should be taught in English in the process of elementary
education, and they are also means of teaching English in such
education. In the process of the game, the beginners` listening ability
can be improved through their movement, facial expressions, and
language, ect. (宋芳、桑元微、孙力华,2007). For example, in role play
“Doll House”, the students can acquire some words, such as dad, mum,
baby, brother, sister, grandpa, grandma, sleep, eat, milk, coffee, meat,
bread, juice so on and so forth. Another example, when playing the game
”Snow” ,through dialogue with other characters, students can improve
their listening level. Another example again, when the words about color
blue, green, yellow, red are taught, the teacher can organize the
students to play a game called “squatting, squatting, squatting “.First
of all, the teacher asks four students to come to the blackboard and
require them wear the headgear of these four colors .Then the game
begins, when the teacher says: “red squats” ,then the student wearing
red headgear squats at once, saying :blue squats”, then the student worn
blue headgear squats… Of course, the turn is up to the students. In this
game, it is much easier to acquire the pronunciation of these words for
English beginners.

I. Listening Status of Chinese English Beginners

[7].刘巧媛.外语听力训练中听力疲劳与听力识别相关性试验研究[A].教育教学2010:139.

[10].李奕.背景知识在听力理解中的作用[J].浙江师大学报,1997(5):84-87.

[15].陶德清.学习态度的理论与研究[M].广州:广东人民出版社,2001,4.
[15].王奕君.浅探幼儿园英语语音教学的有效方法
[J].外语教学与研究,2009

Then, are there any ways to change the learning motivation and improve
the learning efficiency? The author in this paper believes that there
are some ways to inspire and cultivate students’ learning motivation: 1.
take into account emotional communication and establish harmonious
relationship between teachers and students. Good relationship between
teachers and students is an assurance to improve school education
quality and an important aspect of social spiritual civilization. All
the teaching work need be done on the basis of harmonious relationship
between teachers and students. 2.Improve teaching art and cultivate
students’ learning interest. Teaching art means that the teacher uses
clever conception,appropriate analogy,flexible teaching method and
vivid language in the teaching process. This can interest the students
and make them be interested in learning. 3. Establish incentive
mechanism and let the student experience fulfillment. There is close
relation between the children’s psychological development and their
achievements. A child will experience the pleasure from his or her
challenging work, through overcoming difficulties; thereby incentive
mechanism can enhance the self-confidence and interest of students.4.
Help the students establish long-term goals. Learning goals can make
more positive effect for students than those without target
arrangements.

At this time, the students can use some abbreviations or symbols to
replace the complex or long words or phrases. For example, “education”
can be abbreviated to “edu”; “equal” can be abbreviated to “=”;” market
“can be abbreviated into the “mkt” and so on, By the way, students
should try to use abbreviations in their dairy listening training, or
they will not get a habit of using abbreviation in their real listening
examination.

3.7.2 Guessing the Listening Content

1.2 Weak Knowledge on Phonetic Characteristics and Rules.

Besides, in listening training, the length of time is not reasonable.
Many teachers focus on the training time excessively and just use the
single training model, So the students are very easy to be tired and the
sufficiency is not satisfactory.

II. Factors Influencing the Listening Ability of English Beginners

[14].宋芳、桑元微、孙力华.幼儿英语语音教学[J].读与写杂志,2007(7):29

[17].张锡伟。试论情感因素在语言学习的作用[J]。1914-2010 China
Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House.2010

Introduction

In China the listening condition of English beginners is not ideal.
Generally speaking, the English beginners are lack of interest and their
teaching strategy is single. In addition, their knowledge on phonetic
and grammar and vocabulary is poor and weak. Besides these, they have
less cultural background knowledge, either.

[6].蒋祖康.学习策略与听力的关系——中国英语本科学生素质调查分报告之一[J].
外语教学与研究1994(01)

2.2.3Unreasonable Material Selection

[11].孟红桃.影响英语听力理解的因素及提高听力的策略[J].高教论坛,2004(6):127-129

中学课程辅导(初一版).2004(04):45

The listeners should mark the semantics center and keywords in the
questions, then analyze the implied information of structure relations
and lexical cohesion relations, finally, predict what content they will
hear in the record. It is much easier to understand the listening
material if they have prepared for it.

3.7.1 Reading Questions First

2.1.2.1 Having Disgusting Mood of Learning

3.1 Having a Positive Face Strategy to Cultivate English Beginners’
Serious and Responsible Attitude towards Listening.

Many textbooks chosen by the schools are unreasonable. The students use
the same set of teaching materials which have been outdated over the
years and can not meet the modern students` needs but the teacher
seldom train the students with some listening materials out from the
outdated textbook . A good listening material should relate to very
sides of the society, such as daily life, culture, education, customs,
people, science and so on. And also the sentences of a good listening
material should be brief, oral and connect to people’s affection. The
structure of them should also be brief and should involve much omission.
However, some textbooks chosen do not fit with these.

2.1.2.3Not Knowing the Learning Goals

Background is related to the listening material, the character in the
material , the culture, the lifestyle, and the understanding of concept
and so on. Its main role is to provide the listener judgments,
reasoning, the basis of speculation, etc. The weak knowledge about
cultural background is caused by the following reasons:(1) being lack of
introduction of background timely in material, (2)being lack of
background introduction in teacher’s teaching process (3)students`
neglecting of cultural background knowledge in their preparation
process.

3.4 Using Classroom Games to Improve English Listening Ability

摘 要

A person’s listening ability relates to the above English knowledge
closely. Pronunciation and tone are the prerequisite to distinguish
different words; vocabularies make up the cells of a language, without
these cells, the language would not exist; and grammar is the framework
of a language. If we want to know what the language says, we’d better
know the grammar. In the process of listening, if people lack these
English knowledge or they do not know the differences between China and
Western countries, people’s listening ability will be affected.

Vocabulary is a necessity of conversation, also a necessity of getting
the main idea in a dialogue. Without enough vocabulary, people can not
communicate any information efficiently. As for this situation, what
should students do? This paper believe that students should expand their
basic vocabulary through intensive and extensive reading, grasp the word
formation rules and teachers should encourage students to undertake more
listening training and to use the words they have learned in diaries
writing or composition, urging students to know as much as possible.

[5]. 黄颖.
在幼儿英语教学中运用礼貌策略实施素质教育[J].长江大学学报(社会科学版)2006(4):217-218.

1.3 Being Weak in Vocabulary and Grammar

School factors account much in improving the listening ability of
English beginners. In the following, this paper analyzes some school
factors which result in the low listening ability. They are mainly
unreasonable arrangement of listening, the unreasonable schedule and the
unreasonable material selection.

3.7.3 Listening Carefully

Also a lot of scholars have studied how to improve the English
learners` listening ability. In the early of the 1970s, many applied
linguists proposed listening strategy theories, the famous ones are
O’Malley’s and Chaumont’s. They classified the learning strategies used
by the learners in the listening process into: metacognitive strategy,
cognitive strategy, social and emotional strategies (cited from宝建东,
2007). Vandergrift believes that metacognitive strategy is effective to
improve the English beginners` listening ability (Vandergrift L, 1993).
Professor Mendelsohn thinks teachers should help learners use other
means to obtain information(cited from张艳丰,2008). In addition to the
use of video, the multi-media teaching also can be put into use (cited
from张艳丰, 2008). In the English teaching of China, people do not pay
much attention to the listening ability improvement. Currently, the
research of it is just on the stage of description. The intervention
stage is still being explored. As a result, no systematic or
sophisticated teaching can be put into practice. In the 1990s, some
scholars, such as Jiang Zukang did some research on the relationship
between listening strategies and listening ability, and his result
confirmed the validity of listening strategies (蒋祖康, 1994). But just
a few of them studied how to improve the English beginners` listening
ability. In the area of listening teaching of primary school , Xu
Xiuzhen made a research on teaching procedures, technical processing ,
how to interest students, how to deal with the relation between
listening teaching and text teaching ,and the relation between listening
training and thinking(徐袖珍,2002). She believes that teaching should
follow four steps: 1, pre-listening; 2, listening; 3Upon listening
screening; 4, repeated listening. At the same time, she raised the
methods against the above specific issues, such as diversifying of
teaching methods, enhancing the interest of students, etc.
(徐袖珍,2002). Meng Hongtao analyzed the five factors which influenced
the listening ability: 1. vocabulary, 2. grammar, 3. voice, 4. Speed,
5.cultural background, and then raised some corresponding methods
according to the factors. (孟红桃,2004). Xiang Yi believes that English
beginners, especially those in primary school children, should focus on
listening and speaking ability very much (项奕,2010). Although many
scholars have done a lot of research on English beginners and how to
improve their listening ability, they mostly just give suggestions in
theory and most of the suggestions are very abstract.

“Interest is the best teacher”. In practical teaching, in some regions,
especially in the poor regions, the English beginners are lack of
interests due to being lack of the modern teaching equipments in
schools, such as multi-media room, DVD, MP3, etc. Even in some schools,
the modern equipments are placed just for decoration,not for practical
use. Other reasons resulting in low learning interest of the beginners
are the teachers` boring teaching methods, the vapidity of the teaching
materials and so on.

3.5Improving English Listening Ability in Life

3.5.1 Listening to English Songs

According to many scholars, students’ learning motivation affects
students deeply. As for the English beginners of China, the following
characteristics are common.

随着世界的全球化,英语扮演着越来越重要的角色,我国开始学习英语的人也越来越多。可是对于初学者来说,英语听力能力是他们的一个薄弱而又被忽视的环节,因此提高他们这一方面的能力就显得尤为重要了。本文运用了是什么、怎么样相结合的研究方法,首先作者指出了中国英语初学者的现状,然后分析了英语初学者英语听力能力薄弱的原因,最后针对这些原因提出了一些相应的具体的解决问题的建议。

The students are often distracted when they are engaging in learning.
When the teacher is having class, they always look around or outside and
can not concentrate on their books and thinking. When they are doing
their homework or exercise, they always want to do something else and
then go to do. For example, they do their homework for 20 minutes and
then play games for another 20 minutes and come back to do homework
again. They are often interrupted by other ideas or activities. Not only
the above, some students are often absent-minded and always listen to
something else when the teacher is having class, even they feel it
difficult to follow the teacher’s instruction to do homework.

关键词

2.1.2Ambiguous Learning Motivation

This paper believes what the previous scholars have researched reflects
the importance of improving listening ability of English beginners. As
we all know, listening ability is one of the five essential abilities
(listening, speaking, reading, writing and translating) and an important
part of English practical ability and also a standard to measure the
quality of English teaching. If a student can not listen well, his or
her speaking, reading and other abilities may be affected.

1.4 Being Lack of Knowledge aboutCultural Background.

Most English beginners are generally weak in English knowledge because
of their young age and lack of social experience. They are still at a
low level of voice, vocabulary, and grammar .In addition, on the Chinese
and Western cultures, especially the Western culture, history,
geography, religion, politics, customs, and life, their knowledge is not
very rich. Pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, etc. constitute an
important part of the language. Without such basic knowledge, it is
almost impossible to master a language, especially mastering a foreign
language.

浅析英语初学者听力能力的提高

[2]. 宝建东.The Functions of Listening Strategies in English Listening
Comprehension [J]. 石家庄法商职业学院教学与研究.2007(03)

The listening test differs from other paper test where all information
can be read and analyzed again and again. In the listening test, the
recorded tape is just played in limited time, so the problem solving is
at the same time with playing the recording and the students only have a
very short time to think and make a choice. To get a good result, in
addition to getting good knowledge of grammar and rich cultural
background of English-Spoken countries, the students need to have the
good listening skills: reading question, guessing the listening content,
listening carefully, and taking note in abbreviation form, taking note
in abbreviation form.

The time when students are really involved in English learning is in the
secondary school. And in most primary schools, the time of having
English class is just one or two hours and the teacher seldom emphasize
the importance of vocabulary and grammar. As a result, the students in
primary school just know a few words and vocabularies and they can not
be able to write them, even they know a little about their
pronunciation. So the students feel it difficult to comprehend the
native speakers.

3.5.3 Watching Cartoons

3.2 Cultivating Students` Learning Motivation

3.7 Using Listening Skills in Test

In the following, this paper makes a specific research on how to improve
listening ability of the English beginners on the bases of personal and
school factors .According to these factors, some suggests are offered,
hoping to serve the English beginners.

[1]. Vandergrift L.Facilitating Second Language Listening
Comprehension [J]. ELT Journal. 1993(3):168.

Prior to each examination, there is a record on the exam requirements.
For the candidates who are very clear of the requirements, they can use
this time to read the questions, and spend a few seconds in getting a
general view of the questions .Its purpose is to see how many questions
there are in each part and what kind of question they are. Then the
students can use the left time to read the issues carefully.

3.6.1Improving Speech

英语初学者;听力能力;提高

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